First there was Vine, then Musical.ly, and now TikTok. Vine was shut down in early 2017, and Musical.ly merged into TikTok in late summer 2018, leaving TikTok as the current dominant platform for short-form video sharing. Below, we answer all of your pressing questions.
What is TikTok?
In 2016, a new video sharing mobile app named Douyin launched in China. A year later, it was introduced to other countries as TikTok, and it soon gained popularity in the U.S. as one of the most downloaded apps of 2018.
How do you use TikTok?
Open the TikTok app, and you will see short-form looping videos on the “For You” home feed. The videos are vertical and take up the whole screen. To the right, there’s a heart icon to “like,” a speech bubble to “comment,” and a “share” icon to either post on social media or send as a text message. Swipe up on the video and you’ll be taken to the next one. If you like someone’s videos, you can follow them. As you follow more users, your “Following” home feed will start to populate with videos created by people you follow.
Those are the basics—and if you’re familiar with Instagram or Snapchat, the rest is rather intuitive. There’s a notification tray, each person has their own profile, and the plus icon in the bottom-center is where you go to post a video, complete with all kinds of editing and sound tools.
Thanks to its Musical.ly roots, music is an important feature many take advantage of, leading to a seemingly infinite amount of lip sync and dance videos. Challenges are the norm, usually grouped together with a hashtag. Thanks to its short-form format like Vine, users are finding creative ways to entertain in just a few seconds of smartphone-shot video.
Who’s on TikTok?
There are over 500 million active users on TikTok, which is more than the populations of the U.S., Mexico, and Canada combined. The audience skews younger, with 66% of total users under 30 years old, and they spend an average of 52 minutes per day scrolling through videos.
While Snapchat’s growth slows and Instagram’s continues at a steady pace, TikTok has made a big impact in a small amount of time by bursting onto the scene out of nowhere and taking a large portion of the Gen Z U.S. social media audience.
What content is popular on TikTok?
Here are some popular trends we found on TikTok in early 2019:
- Trendy dance videos: These include the Floss, Rockefeller Street, and the Orange Justice (or Mask Off) dance.
- Nostalgic dance videos: Users will take a popular and/or nostalgic song and do their own original dance to it.
- Lip syncing: Pretty self-explanatory.
- Duets: Users can “duet” on any TikTok, which stitches the original video with their own as a split-screen. Users will either react to a video or supplement it.
- Voice dubbing: People will take snippets from movies or TV shows and dub themselves on camera as if they were speaking the lines.
- Cute animals: Cats, dogs, and anything adorable have also found a home here.
- Stop motion: From a toy on a tabletop to someone patiently editing themselves levitating across a yard or snaking up the stairs.
- Weird effects: Like Snapchat, TikTok has its own share of bizarre facial filters.
- Random point-and-shoot: A snippet with little context can lead to hilarious results. Take this bear and skunk on someone’s deck as the theme to The Office plays.
- Artists: Many will post time lapse videos of their sketches.
- Transitions: Very clever editing.
- Memes: TikTok even has its own meme videos that simply catch on. Sometimes it’s a song that sees a new light, songs that randomly spur new dance crazes, or ones that have a lead up to a beat drop.
Should brands pay attention to TikTok?
Yes, but brands need to be smart in their execution. From the examples above, it’s clear that branded content isn’t commonly found in the TikTok feed. While the platform is still new, this is mostly a matter of authenticity, which is becoming increasingly more important.
So, for brands to join TikTok and stay authentic, they have two options: partner with an influencer or pay for one of TikTok’s ad products. Partnering with an influencer can be as simple as vetting a TikTok star to work with (the company itself has a catalogue of its own to choose from).
The platform is in the early phases of testing ad products, which require a TikTok representative. Self-serve ad products have yet to roll out. Two self-serve options that appear to be close to launching are Native Video Ads and App Install Ads (check out Grubhub’s ads, for example).
Brands that have younger target audiences should pay close attention to TikTok’s ad products as they are announced and roll out. Marketers that have the right product, audience, and idea can even start on TikTok today by searching for potential influencers to partner with.
TikTok as a platform is relatively young, but as we have seen in social media, things happen at a breakneck pace. Now is the time for brands to stay ahead of the curve and experiment with a new, promising, and fun network before everyone else does.